Know Types of Wood for Indonesian Furniture

Kayu Jati

Kayu JatiWho has never heard of the name Teak Wood? The wood that is known for its strong and durable quality is often the mascot of wood for many people. Wood that has a common brown color has dark brown colored veins that are spaced from one to another a bit rare.

Teak is actually brought to Indonesia around the year 1800 by the Dutch to Indonesia in the colonial era. and it turns out that this wood can flourish in some hot areas, especially on the island of Java, from West Java to East Java. High quality Teak wood is usually supplied by areas with temperate heat and calcareous soil as in Central Java (Blora, and surrounding areas).

Teak is renowned for its strength and density, which contains oil content, according to the oil research found in Teak Wood is considered capable of protecting wood from pests (termites), and its small pores cause this wood can be finishing very smooth. Teak Density makes it a favorite wood for making carvings.

Teak wood is now more famous for the made of furniture or indoor teak furniture, and with various characters mentioned earlier Teak is indeed very suitable for the made of classy furniture and materials carving materials. Like the study table made that you can see as an example of the finished product.

Mahogany Wood

Kayu Mahoni

Mahogany is a wood that is not inferior to teak wood. The famous mahogany wood is easily processed Both vertically and horizontally, in bends and in plintir. Mahogany wood is quite good in the press test so it can be applied to the sawmill from various directions well. Because this wood is more soft than Teak Wood, Wood is quite easy to carved and formed as you wish.

Mahogany wood is quite resistant to wood pest attacks such as (Termites), and when processed like cutting or nailing this wood is not easy to crack, and quite easy to sanded.

The wood is resistant to cracks when in steam in the bending process. Mahogany wood has physical characteristics of reddish brown on the inside, small and plain pores (not too visible style).

The Mahogany Tree can be harvested at the age of 7 to 15 years, and can grow well in the tropics. The use of Mahogany wood is quite wide because of its strength and availability which is quite a lot so widely used in construction and carpentry world.

The Mahogany Tree can grow up to 125cm in diameter with a height of 35-45 m. This tree is often planted on the side of the road because dikengari can reduce air pollution up to 69% and help catch the water and leafy so that it becomes the shade side of the road.

Meranti Kalimantan Wood

Kayu MerantiWood Meranti or often also called Kalimantan Wood. in fact this wood is a wood that is often used to make frames, building contours. but in its development this wood is also processed into furniture and panel furniture.

Meranti Wood earned the nickname Kalimantan Wood because although it can grow in various regions in Indonesia as a tropical country, Wood Meranti grow best in Kalimantan area. Meranti Wood Stalk can grow up to 70 meters in diameter can reach 4 meters more.

Meranti Wood, whose Latin language is Filipino Mahoni, is commonly reddish brown and without grain, sold in material stores as boards or cassettes.

In addition to building materials and furniture, Wood Meranti can also be made Pulp for paper and fruit Tangkawang from several types of Meranti can be used as raw materials for cosmetics.

Based on the characteristics of Wooden Meranti, Wood is more suitable for building materials or furniture that finishing using paint either kudo or natural finishing.

Meranti wood has a level of hardness between 580-770 Kgs / m

Kayu Merbau

If Meranti Wood comes from Kalimantan This time Merbau Wood is Wood that comes from Maluku and Papua. this is a type of hardwood and has the nickname as Iron Wood. Merbau Wood has been a local excellent and export since long because of its superior quality.

Merbau wood is dark brown or dark red brown with almost straight fiber direction. This wood can grow up to 50 meters in diameter up to 2 meters.

Because of its hardness and durability, Merbau Wood is widely used as a parakeet for floors, building poles, truck till it is used as a bridge construction material. Currently the price of Merbau Wood is quite competitive with the price of Teak Wood.

High Merbau Wood resistance can also be applied as marine construction materials. In processing, Merbau is not difficult to cut and finishing, but quite difficult to be dibubut and in the nails karna although hard to have the nature of brittle karna fibers are short.

With these characteristics, Merbau Wood can be used as a building material and construction.

Kayu Bangkirai

kayu bengkiraiBengkirai wood is Wood which has another name Yellow Balau or Balau is found in Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. In Indonesia, this wood is widely supplied from Kalimantan forest.

Bangkirai wood can grow up to 40 meters in diameter up to 120 cm. The wood is yellow brown with a hardness of between 880-990 kg / m3 to 1050 kg / m3 at a drought of 12%.

At normal temperatures Bangkirai Wood can dry within 12 to 1 month. The strong and easy-to-process fiber-to-mouth interchanges make this wood suitable for decking, outdoor furniture, and other construction needs. However, in some types of fiber bangkirai tend to open easily and easy to twist so not recommended to be used in construction that requires high stability.

Bangkirai wood is quite famous in the timber world with the durability of class I to class III and Class Strong I and II. Bangkirai Wood has an average weight of 0.91.

 Eboni Wood

Kayu embony

Wood that has the Latin name Diospyros Celebica this, is now quite rare. The combination of black and brown color with a contrasting vein on the wood known as Macassar Ebony and Black Ebony makes it a very hunted wood by the Japanese, Europe and America.

This timber export activity reached its peak in 1973 with a total of 26,000 m3 and continues to decline until now set by IUCN and 2000 WCN (World Conservation Union) Red List of Threatened Species as protected wood.

The Eboni Wood tree can grow up to 40m in diameter up to 1 meter and is a durable 1st class and strong grade 1 with an average density of 1.05 (0.90-1.14), with this weight of Eboni wood being heavy and can not float in water.

Wood with exotic veins is often used as raw materials for making musical instruments such as guitar, piano to violin. This wood is also used as a stick, carvings, sculpture and also jewelry.

Suar Wood

Trembesi wood ( Suar Wood ) is a wood that can grow in the tropics. the spread of trees Tree trembesi in Indonesia quite evenly. Trembesi is one type of tree that can absorb CO2 gas up to 28.5 tons of CO2 gas.

In addition to its benefits as a good CO2 gas absorber, Trembesi Wood is now also increasingly in demand by local and Asian markets to be used as raw materials for furniture, carvings and sculptures. This is caused by the vein of wood owned by Trembesi Wood is charming.

Trembesi wood easily grows in various tropical areas and high rainfall ranging from Java Island, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Maluku to Nusa Tenggara. Trembesi wood can grow up to 40m in diameter up to 4.5 meters.

Trembesi wood which is also called Meh Wood in Java area which means “almost like Teak Wood is often converted into thick indoor furniture and width up to 1.5meter, this is due to its strength is less and quite flexible so that this wood processing more skew cut more big.

Trembesi Wood Density is less make it less suitable to be used as raw materials of outdoor furniture. In addition to furniture raw materials, Trembesi wood is also often used as a veneer maker.

Trembesi wood has a specific gravity of 0.60 with grade 4 and Class III durability. Wooden Tree. Trembesi wood is less durable because it produces wood oil which makes it resistant to fewer termite attacks compared to Teak Wood.

 Sonokeling Wood

Kayu Seno keling

Sonokeling, Sonobrit, Sonosungu or Sanakeling is a wood that has a beautiful style, dark brown colored with black furrows make this wood looks very exotic.

Sonokeling Wood Trees can grow up to 40 meters in diameter reaching 2meter. This tree can be found in the areas of Central Java and East Java, especially in areas that are rocky and somewhat dry.

Sonokeling wood is used to make various types of products, ranging from furniture, musical instruments, to sports equipment. With Specific gravity 0.77-0.86 with 15% moisture content.

This wood also includes beautiful wood class 1, durable class I and strong class II. Karna Sonokeling including hard wood, then this wood was formerly often used as a construction material and the material of the makers of luxurious sills. Sonokeling wood which also has a low water content and enough to produce wood oil is also famous for resistant to attack termites and wood rot fungi.

 Sungkai Wood

Kayu sungkai

This light-colored wood is a wood material often used by craftsmen to make indoor furniture. Sungkai wood is also processed by the industry into a veneer of color and style much in demand by the market.

With Wood pattern mix queue yellow, light brown and yellow after yellow, Sungkai Wood can reinforce fresh and compact impression on indoor furniture.

Sungkai Wood Sungkai price is clearly cheaper than the price of Teak Wood or Sonokeling, because it is also more widespread use of Teak Wood, Sonokeling or Ulin a higher class.

In terms of quality, although the shades are quite captivating, this wood only includes Class II Strong and III wood and Classes Awet II and III as well. Mass type and weight of Sungkai Woods especially if it has been through the process of Kiln or drying will be a little heavier than Pine Wood, Therefore, its use is recommended not for outdoor purposes except with special treatment.

Pine Wood

kayu pinus dan cemara

Basically Pine and Pine Tree has different physical characteristics and Latin names, but its wooden pattern does not differ significantly. Pine Wood has a more prominent color than Pine Wood, Pine Wood impressed redder and thicker than the color of pine wood is more yellow and bright.

In addition, Pine Wood has many (eyes) because more twigs and branches than pine wood. Pine and Pine Wood has many benefits, ranging from a religious point of view (often used as a Christmas tree) to health.

In addition, its wood can also be utilized for many things. Lack of pine and fir wood is notoriously soft and easily damaged, its less wood density is actually used for wood products that require light processing, disposable and high flamabelity such as matches and wooden pallets for shipping.

Pine and Pine Wood including Wood with Durable and Strong Class level III. Pine and Pine Wood has density / density 480-520 kg / m3 and water content of MC 12% and takes 12-15 days for drying.

Although Pine and Pine Wood is now often used for furniture, it should be remembered that this wood is a wood with strength and low durability, the color is easily changed under the sun. Recommended if used as furniture should use thickness and not exposed to water.

Gelugu Wood

Kayu Kelapa

Coconut wood has been used as material for various purposes because of its abundance in nature. From handicrafts to furniture, Wood Coconut to Wood that almost everyone can recognize easily.

Coconut wood has been used as building poles until the bridge because of its strength. This wood has a unique style, a blend of dark brown and contrasting brown in straight-shaped. The coconut wood fibers are short enough so that on the board of coconut wood looks like short strokes.

Darker fibers are harder fibers than lighter fibers. Coconut wood is classified as Strong Class II and III with specific gravity from 0.5 to 0.9 depending on the age of the tree. Coconut Wood Density an average of 400 kg / m3 with stem diameter up to 50cm and almost straight up.

One of the final products of Coconut Wood which is currently the mainstay product of export is coconut wood. Coconut Wooden Parquet is currently a prima donna in the European market because it becomes one of the processed wood products that received the predicate Eco Labelling.

And now you have know the kind of wood that is in Indonesia which is often used as bahn making construction and furniture indonesia. In addition to the various types of wood that has been mentioned earlier, Indonesia has many types of timber endemic and other high quality wood that we have to maintain its sustainability and can be utilized to work. but it can also introduce and make inheritance in our children and grandchildren in Indonesia.

%d bloggers like this: